Regulations for Radiological Safety and Protection ("Ground Rules")
Complying with the constitutional duty of safeguarding the health of Colombian citizens, ensuring the protection of the environment and acting within the framework of commitments stemming from Colombia's International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) membership, Resolution 181434 (In Spanish) was issued on December 05th of 2002, establishing Regulations for Radiological Safety and Protection as a fundamental step in the construction of a regulatory framework for the safe use of radioactive and nuclear materials that would be consistent with both national and international legislation.
The Resolution establishes requirements and minimum conditions that must be fulfilled and respected by legal or natural persons interested in carrying out or implementing practices that involve the use of radioactive and nuclear materials that cause an exposure to ionizing radiation. The norm also addresses the safety of radiation sources and summarizes the efforts of experts from IAEA and the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP).
Classification System for Radioactive Sources
According to the Code of Conduct (In Spanish) on the technological and physical security of radiation sources and the guidelines concerning the import and export of such radioactive sources, Resolution 180052 (In Spanish) was issued on January 21st of 2008, which adopted a classification system based on the potential damage to human health from exposure to radiation.
License for Handling Radioactive Materials (valid through Feb 11th of 2015, will be replaced by Resolution 90874 of 2014)
All natural persons or corporate entities, public or private, domestic or foreign, located or represented in the national territory and within the jurisdiction of the Republic of Colombia that are involved in activities concerning the use of radioactive materials, in any field, must be in possession of an authorization granted by the Ministry of Mines and Energy or its delegated authority. Resolution 181304 (In Spanish) from October 8th of 2004, along with all changes and additions introduces by Resolution 180208 (In Spanish) on February 25th of 2005, have established the minimum requirements and conditions that must be met to obtain the necessary license.
Authorizations and Inspections for Employing Radioactive Sources (Valid from Feb 12th of 2015)
Any legal or natural persons, public or private, national of foreign, residing or represented in Colombian territory, that carry out activities involving the design and construction, operation, temporary stop of operations and closure of radioactive facilities must obtain an authorization according to what was established by Resolution 90874 (In Spanish) from August 11th 2014, which described the technical requirements and administrative procedure that apply to the processes for requesting and issuing authorizations.
Import License for Radioactive Materials
Resolution 181419 (In Spanish) from November 4th of 2004 established the requirements and procedures for issuing an import license for all kinds of radioactive materials intended for medical, industrial, agricultural, veterinary, commercial, scientific, educational or other uses, applied and enforced throughout the entire national territory.
Radioactive Waste Management in Colombia
Following the official policy for radioactive waste management (In Spanish), the Ministry of Mines and Energy -acting as the Nuclear Regulatory Authority for Colombia- issued Resolution 180005 (In Spanish) on January 05th of 2010, through which it adopted regulations for radioactive waste management in Colombian territory. According to these regulations issued and considering particular needs expressed by the nuclear medicine community, for the purposes of obtaining guidelines that allow the proper handling of the radioactive waste obtained in practice, a Guide for Class 2 radioactive waste materials (In Spanish) produced in nuclear medicine facilities has been published.
License for Providing Personal Dosimetry Services
Considering that a dose measurement system must be maintained for all workers exposed to ionizing radiation, all natural persons or corporate entities involved in activities concerning the provision of personal dosimetry services will find in Resolution 181289 (In Spanish) from October 6th of 2004 all the necessary requirements that have been established for the sake of obtaining a license that will allow them to provide such services.
Inspections to Radioactive Material Handling Facilities (Valid through Feb 11th of 2015, will be replaced by Resolution 90874 of 2014)
In the context of control and oversight activities carried out by the National Regulatory Authority, the inspection of facilities responsible for handling radioactive materials has been considered. In order to regulate this activity, the Ministry of Mines and Energy issued Resolution 181478 (In Spanish) on November 12th of 2004, which established the procedures for monitoring and inspecting such facilities. Subsequently, Article 4 was modified through Resolution 180208 (In Spanish) on February 25th of 2005.
Regulations for Nuclear Facilities
In order to regulate the granting of licenses for the operation of nuclear facilities in Colombia, Resolution 181475 was issued on November 12th of 2004, which established the requirements for obtaining the following types of licenses: operation, prolonged shutdown, modifications to and dismantling of said facilities.
Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Materials
Resolution 181682 (In Spanish) issued on December 09th of 2005 established the rules that must be met by all natural persons or corporate entities that are, in any way, involved in the transportation of radioactive materials inside Colombia.
Validity of applicable norms concerning radiological security and protection matters.
Through Resolution 180273 (In Spanish) from February 29th of 2012, the Ministry of Mines and Energy has indicated the validity of the applicable norms for radiological security and protection matters.